Do Roth IRAs Allow Investors to Hold Gold?

Within today's volatile investment options landscape, many individuals are searching for ways to diversify their retirement portfolios. One asset class that has proven itself over time as a store of value is gold; with tax benefits offered through Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), investors may wonder if physical gold holding can be held within such an account; it can but there may be restrictions in place; in which case rules and guidelines need to be observed before holding such investments within one.

What is a Roth IRA?

Before delving deeper into how holding physical gold in a Roth IRA works, let's define exactly what a Roth IRA is. A Roth IRA is an individual retirement account which permits qualified withdrawals to be tax-free; contributions made into it must use post tax dollars; its principal advantage being tax-free withdrawals that meet specific conditions.

Gold has long been considered an appealing form of investment due to its proven history of reliability during times of economic instability, with prices not directly tied to stock or bond markets offering diversification benefits.

Physical Gold in Roth IRA: The Rules

While you can store physical gold within a Roth IRA, only certain varieties meet IRS regulations for inclusion. Purity requirements range from bars or rounds having fineness rating of at least.995 up to the American Eagle or Canadian Maple Leaf coin being eligible as stated on my last knowledge update in September 2021.

Once again, however, keeping gold outside your own home or safe may not be sufficient - the IRS mandates that physical precious metals stored within an IRA be held with an approved third-party custodian who ensures its safekeeping while meeting IRS regulations.

Establishing a Gold Roth IRA

To purchase physical gold in a Roth IRA account, it will first need to be opened via an institution that specializes in precious metal investments (not the typical Roth IRA account with stocks, bonds and mutual funds).

  • Select an Account Custodian: Once research has been completed, choose a custodian who specializes in self-directed precious metals IRAs as the custodian for your precious metals IRA account.

  • Fund Your Account: There are various methods by which you can fund your account: making contributions or rolling over funds from another IRA account; or through transfers between accounts.

  • Once your account is funded, choose gold products which meet IRS rules.

  • Storage: Work closely with your custodian to ensure that any physical gold you own is stored securely within an IRS-approved depository.

Risks and Considerations

While holding physical gold in a Roth IRA can provide diversification benefits for investors, it's wise to assess its associated risks carefully. Gold prices can fluctuate drastically, and you could incur storage fees as well as possibly higher custodian fees associated with self-directed IRAs; so, before making this investment decision it is crucial that benefits outweigh potential costs and risks.


Holding physical gold in a Roth IRA can be an excellent way to diversify and potentially protect retirement savings against economic instability. But, to do this safely and successfully it's vital that investors adhere to IRS rules, including fees and risks involved with this investment strategy as they would any investment decision. Before embarking upon such an endeavor alone it would be prudent to consult a financial adviser as it might align with your overall financial goals or risk tolerance profile.